[...] In 2004, the UN Security Council was already calling on the member states to step up their implementation of Resolution 1325 at national level and develop plans of action. In spite of several appeals of this nature, for a long time the German government appeared reluctant to take the issue of women, peace and security seriously. It was only in December 2012 that the Federal Cabinet passed the cross-sectoral “National Action Plan on the Implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325”, covering the period 2013-16. [...]
The aim of the first national plan of action was to achieve a more strategic orientation for the country’s foreign, development and security policies and programmes. Here, the German government set the following priorities: prevention of armed conflict, preparation of interventions and training of deployed staff, participation of women in peace processes, protection of women and girls against violence, reintegration and reconstruction as well as prosecution. However, the Action Plan had no independent budget, no formulations of its objectives, and no indicators to measure the achievement of target, so could hardly be said to be impact-oriented.
Between 2013 and 2016, the German government did fund numerous projects to promote women’s rights in areas of armed conflict. Unfortunately, Resolution 1325 has still to be anchored coherently in the relevant policy areas. This can be seen in the fact that the Federal Government frequently ignored Resolution 1325: examples include the extensions of the mandate for the interventions in Afghanistan.
Nevertheless, the existence of the Action Plan has helped to put the issue of women, peace and security onto the political agenda, even if much remains to be done. More and more high-ranking decision makers are making their position on this issue clear. German politics has not seen that happen before. [...]
Another fact which indicates the raised level of political awareness is the subsequent plan of action passed by the previous Federal Government in January 2017. Once again, the plan has no dedicated budget for its implementation, but it is written in a more impact-oriented way. In the second Action Plan, the German government commits itself to a range of tangible measures.
Furthermore, it states its intention to work more strongly at international level for the issue of women, peace and security. And it will make the implementation of Resolution 1325 a focal point of its candidacy for a non-permanent seat on the Security Council for 2019-20. [...]